Visualisation of the bladder from the urethra using a cystoscope is called cystoscopy. Performed by a urologist, this technique allows us to obtain a clear image of the bladder. The main goals of cystoscopy are:
Patients with the following symptoms could require cystoscopy:
Cystoscopy is performed by a urologist using a cystoscope. Cystoscopy is usually done under local anesthetic. It is rarely performed under spinal or general anesthesia. There is no need to fast prior to the operation. It is best to empty the bladder before the procedure. It is not painful. People usually report feeling discomfort or a burning sensation. This only lasts for a few minutes.
The cystoscope is half the diameter of the urethra. It is introduced into the bladder via the urethra. A video camera is joined to the cystoscope and the image is then projected onto the monitor. A sterile liquid is introduced into the bladder to ensure a clear image of the bladder wall. Other instruments are also introduced with the cystoscope in order to perform a biopsy or to remove foreign bodies.
Pain, hematuria, and painful urination are the most common complaints from patients having undergone the cystoscopy procedure.